1. ↑ Jump up to:1.0 1.1 Beck J. Cognitive Therapy: Basics and Beyond, 2nd ed. New York: Guildford Press, 2011.
  2. ↑ Jump up to:2.0 2.1 Donaghy M, Nicol M, Davidson K, editors. Cognitive-behavioral interventions in physiotherapy and occupational therapy. Edinburgh: Elsevier, 2008.
  3.  Gatchel RJ, Rollings KH. Evidence informed management of chronic low back pain with cognitive behavioural therapy. The Spine Journal 2008; 8(1):40–44.
  4.  Turk D, Flor H. A cognitive-behavioral approach to pain management. In: Mcmahon S, Koltzenburg M, editors. Wall and Melzacks textbook of pain. London: Elsevier Churchill Livingstone, 1999. p1431-1441.
  5.  WHO., 2013. International Classification of Functioning, Disability and Health (ICF)[online]. [viewed16 Novemeber 2013]. Available from:
  6.  Wright J, Basco M, Thase M. Learning cognitive-behaviour therapy: An illustrated guide. London: American psychiatric publishing inc, 2006.
  7.  Foster N, Delitto A. Embedding psychosocial perspectives within clinical management of low back pain: Integration of psychosocially informed management principles into physical therapist practice – challenges and opportunities. Journal of American Physical Therapy Association 2011;91:790-803.
  8.  Van Tulder MW, Ostelo R, Vlaeyen JWS, Linton SJ, Moreley SJ, Assendelft WJJ. Behavioral treatment for chronic low back pain: A systematic review within the framework of the Cochrane back review group. Spine 2000:25(20);2688-99.
  9.  Morley S, Eccleston C, Williams A. Systematic review and meta-analysis of randomized controlled trials of cognitive behavior therapy and behavior therapy for chronic pain in adults, excluding headache. Pain 1999:80;1-13.
  10.  Rossy LA, Buckelew SP, Dorr N, Hagglund KJ, Thayer JF, Mcintosh MJ, Hewett JE, Johnson JC. A meta-analysis of fibromyalgia treatment interventions. Annals of Behavioral Medicine 1999:21(2);180-91.
  11.  Von Korff M, Moore JE, Lorig K, Cherkin DC, Saunders K, González VM, Laurent D, Rutter C, Comite, F. A randomized trial of a lay-led self-management group intervention for back pain patients in primary care. Spine 1998; 23(23): 2608–2615.
  12.  Waddell G, Feder G, Lewis M. Systematic reviews of bed rest and advice to stay active for acute low back pain. British Journal of General Practice 1997; 47(423):647–652.
  13.  Linton SJ, Ryberg M. A cognitive-behavioural group intervention as prevention for persistent neck and back pain in a non-patient population: a randomized controlled trial. Pain 2001;90(1-2):83–90.
  14.  Jones JR, Huxtable CS, Hodgson JT, Price MT. Self-reported Work-related Illness in 2001/02: Results from a Household Survey. London: Health Safety Executive. 2003. (accessed 30th October 2013
  15.  McCluskey S, Burton AK, Main CJ. The implementation of occupational health guidelines principles for reducing sickness absence due to musculoskeletal disorders. Occupational Medicine 2006;56:237–242.
  16.  Lewin B, Cay EL, Todd I, Sorgal I, Gordfield, Bloomfield P. The Angina Management Programme: a rehabilitation treatment. British Journal of Cardiology 1995; 2: 221-226.
  17.  Lewin B, Robertson IH, Cay EL, Irving JB, Campbell M. Effects of self-help post myocardial-infarction rehabilitation on psychological adjustment and use of health services. Lancet 1992; 339(8800): 1036-1040.
  18.  O.Rourke A, Hampson SE. Psychosocial outcomes after an MI: evaluation of two approaches to rehabilitation. Psychology Health and Medicine 1999; 4(4): 393-402.
  19.  Lewis S, Tarrier N, Haddock G, Bentall R, Kinderman P, Kingdon D, Siddle R, Drake R, Everitt J, Leadley K, Benn A, Grazebrook K, Haey C, Akhtar S, Davies L, Palmer S, Faragher B, Dunn G. Randomised controlled trial of cognitive behavioural therapy in early schizophrenia: acute-phase outcomes. British Journal of Psychiatry 2002; 181(43):91-97
  20.  Sveinsdottir V, Eriksen HR, Reme SE Assessing the role of cognitive behavioral therapy in the management of chronic nonspecific back pain. Journal of Pain Research 2012; 5:371-80
  21.  Vlaeyen JWS, Morley S. Cognitive-behavior treatments for chronic pain: What works for whom?. Clin J Pain 2005;21:1-8.
  22.  Eccleston C, Williams ACDC, Morley S. Psychological therapies for the management of chronic pain (excluding headache) in adults (review). Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews 2009:2;1-102.
  23.  Keele University. STarT Back Screening Tool Website. (accessed 28 October 2013).
  24.  Hill JC, Dunn KM, Lewis M, Mullis R, Main CJ, Foster NE, Hay EM. A primary care back pain screening tool: Identifying patient subgroups for initial treatment. American College Rheumatology 2008: 59(5);632-41.
  25.  Hill JC, Whitehurst DGT, Bryan S, Dunn KM, Foster NE, Konstantinou K, Main CJ, Mason E, Somerville S, Sowden G, Vohora K, Hay EM. Comparison of stratified primary care management for low back pain with current best practice (STarT Back): a randomized controlled trial. Lancet 2011:378;1560-71.
  26.  Linton SJ, Boersma K, Jansson M, Svard L, Botvalde M. The effects of cognitive-behavioral and physical therapy preventive interventions on pain-related sick leave: A randomized controlled trial. Clin J Pain 2005:21;109-19.
  27.  Beissner K, Keefe FJ, Main CJ. Discussion: Cognitive behavioral therapy for patients with chronic pain [PODCAST]. Physical Therapy (PTJ): Journal of the American Physical Therapy Association. (accessed 4 Nov 2013).
  28.  Jamison R, Virts, K. The influence of family support on chronic pain. Behaviour Research and Therapy 1990; 28(4):283-287.
  29.  Rosland A, Piette J. Emerging models for mobilizing family support for chronic disease management: a structured review. Chronic Illness 2010; 6(1):7-21.
  30.  Bascom P, Tolle S. Care of the family when the patient is dying. Western journal of medicine 1995; 163(3):292.
  31.  Ross M, Berger R. Effects of stress inoculation training on athletes’ postsurgical pain and rehabilitation after orthopedic injury. Journal of Consulting and Clinical Psychology 1996; 64(2):406
  32.  Vachon M. Team stress in palliative/hospice care. Hospice Journal 1987; 3(2-3):75-103.
  33.  Fernandes C, Bouthillette F, Raboud J, Bullock L, Moore C, Christenson J, Grafstein E. Violence in the emergency department: a survey of health care workers. Canadian Medical Association Journal 1999; 161(10):1245-1248.
  34.  Institute of Directors and Health and Safety Executive. 2007. Leading health and safety at work [online]. [Viewed 29th October 2013]. Available from:
  35.  Boorman S. 2009. NHS Health. Well-being Interim Report. [online]. [Viewed 29th October 2013]. Available from:
  36.  Hassan E, Austin C, Celia C, Disley E, Hunt H, Marjanovic S, Shehabi A, Vaillalba-van-Dijk L, Van Stolk. 2009. The work foundation; health and well being at work in the United Kingdom. [online]. [Viewed 29th October 2013]. Available from:
  37.  Boudreau R, Moulton K, Cunningham J. Self-directed cognitive behaviour therapy for adult with diagnosis of depression: systematic review of clinical effectiveness, cost-effectiveness and guidelines. Canadian Agency for Drugs and Technologies in Health 2010.
  38.  Proudfoot J, Everitt B, Shapiro D, Goldberg D, Mann A, Tylee A, Gray J. Clinical efficacy of computerised cognitive–behavioural therapy for anxiety and depression in primary care: randomised controlled trial. The British Journal of Psychiatry 2004; 185(1):46-54.
  39.  Clouder L. Reflective practice in physiotherapy education: a critical conversation. Studies in Higher Education 2000; 25(2):211-223.