1. ↑ Jump up to:1.0 1.1 1.2 Bisset L, Beller E, Jull G, Brooks P, Darnell R, Vicenzino B. Mobilisation with movement and exercise, corticosteroid injection, or wait and see for tennis elbow: randomised trial. Bmj. 2006 Nov 2;333(7575):939.
  2. ↑ Jump up to:2.0 2.1 Dimitrios S. Exercise for tendinopathy. World journal of methodology. 2015 Jun 26;5(2):51.
  3.  Randhawa K, Côté P, Gross DP, et al. The effectiveness of structured patient education for the management of musculoskeletal disorders and injuries of the extremities: a systematic review by the Ontario Protocol for Traffic Injury Management (OPTIMa) Collaboration. J Can Chiropr Assoc. 2015;59(4):349–362.
  4.  Forbes R, Mandrusiak A, Smith M, Russell T. Training physiotherapy students to educate patients: a randomised controlled trial. Patient education and counseling. 2018 Feb 1;101(2):295-303.
  5.  Ndosi M, Johnson D, Young T, Hardware B, Hill J, Hale C, Maxwell J, Roussou E, Adebajo A. Effects of needs-based patient education on self-efficacy and health outcomes in people with rheumatoid arthritis: a multicentre, single blind, randomised controlled trial. Annals of the rheumatic diseases. 2016 Jun 1;75(6):1126-32.
  6.  Buchanan BK, Varacallo M. Tennis elbow. InStatPearls [Internet] 2022 Feb 12. StatPearls Publishing.
  7. ↑ Jump up to:7.0 7.1 Manickaraj N, Bisset LM, Kavanagh JJ. Lateral epicondylalgia exhibits adaptive muscle activation strategies based on wrist posture and levels of grip force: a case-control study. Journal of musculoskeletal & neuronal interactions. 2018 Sep;18(3):323.
  8. ↑ Jump up to:8.0 8.1 Heales LJ, Vicenzino B, MacDonald DA, Hodges PW. Forearm muscle activity is modified bilaterally in unilateral lateral epicondylalgia: A case‐control study. Scandinavian journal of medicine & science in sports. 2016 Dec;26(12):1382-90.
  9.  Coombes BK, Bisset L, Vicenzino B. A new integrative model of lateral epicondylalgia. British journal of sports medicine. 2009 Apr 1;43(4):252-8.
  10.  Mascaró A, Cos MÀ, Morral A, Roig A, Purdam C, Cook J. Load management in tendinopathy: Clinical progression for Achilles and patellar tendinopathy. Apunts. Medicina de l’Esport. 2018 Jan 1;53(197):19-27.
  11.  Arampatzis A, Peper A, Bierbaum S, Albracht K. Plasticity of human Achilles tendon mechanical and morphological properties in response to cyclic strain. Journal of biomechanics. 2010 Dec 1;43(16):3073-9.
  12.  Stanish WD, Rubinovich RM, Curwin S. Eccentric exercise in chronic tendinitis. Clin Orthop Relat Res. 1986 Jul;(208):65-8
  13.  Ohberg L, Lorentzon R, Alfredson H. Eccentric training in patients with chronic Achilles tendinosis: normalised tendon structure and decreased thickness at follow up. Br J Sports Med. 2004 Feb;38(1):8-11, discussion :11
  14. ↑ Jump up to:14.0 14.1 Rees JD, Lichtwark GA, Wolman RL, Wilson AM. The mechanism for efficacy of eccentric loading in Achilles tendon injury; an in vivo study in humans. Rheumatology. 2008 Jul 22;47(10):1493-7.
  15.  Ma KL, Wang HQ. Management of lateral epicondylitis: a narrative literature review. Pain Research and Management. 2020 May 5;2020.
  16.  Naugle KM, Fillingim RB, Riley III JL. A meta-analytic review of the hypoalgesic effects of exercise. The Journal of pain. 2012 Dec 1;13(12):1139-50.
  17.  Coombes BK, Wiebusch M, Heales L, Stephenson A, Vicenzino B. Isometric exercise above but not below an individual’s pain threshold influences pain perception in people with lateral Epicondylalgia. The Clinical journal of pain. 2016 Dec 1;32(12):1069-75.
  18.  Manickaraj N, Bisset LM, Ryan M, Kavanagh JJ. Muscle Activity during Rapid Wrist Extension in People with Lateral Epicondylalgia. Medicine and science in sports and exercise. 2016 Apr;48(4):599-606.
  19.  Nijs J, Van Houdenhove B, Oostendorp RA. Recognition of central sensitization in patients with musculoskeletal pain: application of pain neurophysiology in manual therapy practice. Manual therapy. 2010 Apr 1;15(2):135-41.
  20.  Smith BE, Hendrick P, Bateman M, Holden S, Littlewood C, Smith TO, Logan P. Musculoskeletal pain and exercise—challenging existing paradigms and introducing new. British journal of sports medicine. 2019 Jul 1;53(14):907-12.
  21.  Reyhan AC, Sindel D, Dereli EE. The effects of Mulligan’s mobilization with movement technique in patients with lateral epicondylitis. Journal of back and musculoskeletal rehabilitation. 2019 May 10(Preprint):1-9.
  22.  Mulligan MWM for tennis elbow. Available from:
  23.  Lenoir H, Mares O, Carlier Y. Management of lateral epicondylitis. Orthopaedics & Traumatology: Surgery & Research. 2019 Dec 1;105(8):S241-6.
  24.  Olaussen M, Holmedal O, Lindbaek M, Brage S, Solvang H. Treating lateral epicondylitis with corticosteroid injections or non-electrotherapeutical physiotherapy: a systematic review. BMJ open. 2013 Oct 1;3(10):e003564.
  25.  Cho YT, Hsu WY, Lin LF, Lin YN. Kinesio taping reduces elbow pain during resisted wrist extension in patients with chronic lateral epicondylitis: a randomized, double-blinded, cross-over study. BMC musculoskeletal disorders. 2018 Dec;19(1):193.
  26.  Giray E, Karali‐Bingul D, Akyuz G. The Effectiveness of Kinesiotaping, Sham Taping or Exercises Only in Lateral Epicondylitis Treatment: A Randomized Controlled Study. PM&R. 2019 Jan 4.
  27.  KT Tape: Tennis Elbow. Available from:
  28.  Meglio TV. Available from:
  29.  KT Tape: Tennis Elbow. Available from: