1. ↑ Jump up to:1.0 1.1 Handoll HHG, Brorson S. Interventions for treating proximal humerus fractures in adults. Cochrane Datebase of Systematic Reviews 2015, issue 11.
  2. ↑ Jump up to:2.0 2.1 Jo MJ, Gardner MJ. Proximal humerus fracturesCurr Rev Musculoskelet Med. 2012;5(3):192-198. doi:10.1007/s12178-012-9130-2
  3. ↑ Jump up to:3.0 3.1 3.2 3.3 3.4 3.5 3.6 3.7 3.8 Lowry V, Bureau NJ, Desmeules F, Roy JS, Rouleau DM. Acute proximal humeral fractures in adults. Journal of Hand Therapy. 2017 Apr 1;30(2):158-66.
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  6.  Tarantino U, Capone A, Planta M, D’Arienzo M, Letizia Mauro G, Impagliazzo A, Formica A, Pallotta F, Patella V, Spinarelli A, Pazzaglia U. The incidence of hip, forearm, humeral, ankle, and vertebral fragility fractures in Italy: results from a 3-year multicenter study. Arthritis research & therapy. 2010 Dec;12(6):1-9.
  7.  Passaretti D, Candela V, Sessa P, Gumina S. Epidemiology of proximal humeral fractures: a detailed survey of 711 patients in a metropolitan area. Journal of shoulder and elbow surgery. 2017 Dec 1;26(12):2117-24.
  8.  Roux A, Decroocq L, El Batti S, Bonnevialle N, Moineau G, Trojani C, Boileau P, De Peretti F. Epidemiology of proximal humerus fractures managed in a trauma center. Orthopaedics & Traumatology: Surgery & Research. 2012 Oct 1;98(6):715-9.
  9.  Kim SH, Szabo RM, Marder RA. Epidemiology of humerus fractures in the United States: nationwide emergency department sample, 2008. Arthritis Care Res (Hoboken). 2012;64(3):407-414.
  10.  Holloway KL, Bucki-Smith G, Morse AG, et al. Humeral Fractures in South-Eastern Australia: Epidemiology and Risk Factors. Calcif Tissue Int. 2015;97(5):453-465. doi:10.1007/s00223-015-0039-9
  11. ↑ Jump up to:11.0 11.1 Murray IR, Amin AK, White TO, Robinson CM. Proximal humeral fractures: current concepts in classification, treatment and outcomes. J Bone Joint Surg Br. 2011;93(1):1-11. doi:10.1302/0301-620X.93B1.25702
  12.  Carofino BC, Leopold SS. Classifications in brief: the Neer classification for proximal humerus fractures, Clin Orthop Relat Res. 2013;471(1):39-43. doi:10.1007/s11999-012-2454-9
  13.  nabil ebraheim. Proximal Humerus Fractures classification – Everything You Need To Know – Dr. Nabil Ebraheim. Available from: [last accessed 6/11/2022]
  14.  Marongiu G, Leinardi L, Congia S, Frigau L, Mola F, Capone A. Reliability and reproducibility of the new AO/OTA 2018 classification system for proximal humeral fractures: a comparison of three different classification systems. Journal of Orthopaedics and Traumatology. 2020 Dec;21(1):1-9.
  15.  Vachtsevanos L, Hayden L, Desai AS, Dramis A. Management of proximal humerus fractures in adults. World journal of Orthopedics. 2014 Nov 11;5(5):685.
  16. ↑ Jump up to:16.0 16.1 16.2 16.3 Richard GJ, Denard PJ, Kaar SG, Bohsali KI, Horneff JG, Carpenter S, Fedorka CJ, Mamelson K, Garrigues GE, Namdari S, Abboud JA. Outcome measures reported for the management of proximal humeral fractures: a systematic review. Journal of Shoulder and Elbow Surgery. 2020 Oct 1;29(10):2175-84.
  17.  Song JQ, Deng XF, Wang YM, Wang XB, Xue Lİ, Bin YU. Operative vs. nonoperative treatment for comminuted proximal humeral fractures in elderly patients: a current meta-analysis. Acta Orthopaedica et Traumatologica Turcica. 2015 Jan 1;49(4):345-53.
  18. ↑ Jump up to:18.0 18.1 Xie L, Ding F, Zhao Z, Chen Y, Xing D. Operative versus non-operative treatment in complex proximal humeral fractures: a meta-analysis of randomized controlled trials. Springerplus. 2015 Dec;4(1):1-9.
  19. ↑ Jump up to:19.0 19.1 Handoll HH, Brorson S. Interventions for treating proximal humeral fractures in adults. Cochrane Database Syst Rev. 2015;(11):CD000434. Published 2015 Nov 11. doi:10.1002/14651858.CD000434.pub4
  20.  Canbora MK, Kose O, Polat A, Konukoglu L, Gorgec M. Relationship between the functional outcomes and radiological results of conservatively treated displaced proximal humerus fractures in the elderly: A prospective study. Int J Shoulder Surg. 2013;7(3):105-109. doi:10.4103/0973-6042.118911
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