1. ↑ Jump up to:1.0 1.1 Afzelius BA, Stenram U. Prevalence and genetics of immotile-cilia syndrome and left-handedness. Int J Dev Biol. 2006;50(6):571-573.
  2. ↑ Jump up to:2.0 2.1 2.2 Mirra V, Werner C, Santamaria F. Primary Ciliary Dyskinesia: An Update on Clinical Aspects, Genetics, Diagnosis, and Future Treatment Strategies. Front. Pediatr. 2017;5(135):1-13.
  3.  Knowles MR, Daniels LA, Davis SD, Zariwala MA, Leigh MW. Primary ciliary dyskinesia. Recent advances in diagnostics, genetics, and characterization of clinical disease. Am J Respir Crit Care Med. 2013;188(8):913–22
  4.  Dr Harrison.Kartagener syndrome| Primary Ciliary Dyskinesia| Immotile cilia syndrome| triad mnemonic & cause.Available from:
  5. ↑ Jump up to:5.0 5.1 Trujillo Zea JA, McEwewn Tamayo OI, Hincapié Pineda JA, Faraco Urrega FJ, Vélez Trujillo JA. Disquinesia ciliar primaria. Reporte de un caso. Medicina UPB.2007;26(2):145-152.
  6.  NeedToKnowMedicine.What is the difference between Cystic Fibrosis and Primary Ciliary Dyskinesia? (pathophysiology).Available from:
  7.  Ellerman A, Bisgaard H. Longitudinal study of lung function in a cohort of primary ciliary dyskinesia. Eur Respir J. 1997;10(10):2376-2379.
  8.  Romero Rubio MT, Rovira Amigo S, Caballero Rabasco MA. Manejo del paciente afecto de discinesia ciliar primaria. 2017;1:423-438.
  9. ↑ Jump up to:9.0 9.1 9.2 Martí Romeu JD, Vendrell Relat M. [coordinadores]. Técnicas manuales e instrumentales para el drenaje de secreciones bronquiales en el adulto. Barcelona: Respira;2013.
  10.  Schofield LM, Duff A, Brennan C. Airway Clearance Techniques for Primary Ciliary Dyskinesia ; is the Cystic Fibrosis literature portable ? Paediatr Respir Rev. 2018;25:73-77.