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  2. ↑ Jump up to:2.0 2.1 Russel G. V. Et al, Pelvic Fractures, medscape, January 2016. Accessed 26 May 2022
  3. ↑ Jump up to:3.0 3.1 3.2 Gruen, Gary S, et al Functional outcome of patients with unstable pelvic ring fractures stabilised with open reduction and internal fixation. Journal of Trauma and Acute Care Surgery 39.5 (1995): 838-845. Accessed 26 May 2022.
  4. ↑ Jump up to:4.0 4.1 Tile, Marvin. Acute pelvic fractures: I. Causation and classification. Journal of the American Academy of Orthopaedic Surgeons 4.3 (1996): 143-151. Accessed 26 May 2022.
  5.  Melton LJ, Sampson JM, Morrey BF, Ilstrup D. Epidemiologic features of pelvic fractures. Clin Orthop. 1981 Mar-Apr. (155):43-7. Accessed 26 May 2022.
  6.  Ooi, Chee Kheong, et al. Patients with pelvic fracture: what factors are associated with mortality? International journal of emergency medicine 3.4 (2010): 299-304. Accessed 26 May 2022
  7.  UCTV. Treatment of common geriatric fractures: Spine and Pelvis. Available from: (last accessed 3.4.2019)
  8. ↑ Jump up to:8.0 8.1 8.2 Aghababian, Richard. Essentials of Emergency Medicine. Jones&Bartlett Publishers, 2010.(book)
  9.  Mechemm C. C. et al, Pelvic Fracture in Emergency Medicine, medscape, august 2015. Accessed 26 May 2022.
  10. ↑ Jump up to:10.0 10.1 Tai DK, Li WH, Lee KY, Cheng M, Lee KB, Tang LF, Lai AK, Ho HF, Cheung MT. Retroperitoneal pelvic packing in the management of hemodynamically unstable pelvic fractures: a level I trauma center experience. Journal of Trauma and Acute Care Surgery. 2011 Oct 1;71(4):E79-86.
  11.  Flint L, Cryer HG. Pelvic fracture: the last 50 years. Journal of Trauma and Acute Care Surgery. 2010 Sep 1;69(3):483-8.
  12.  Alton, Timothy B., and Albert O. Gee. Classifications in brief: young and burgess classification of pelvic ring injuries. Clinical orthopaedics and related research 472.8 (2014): 2338. Accessed 26 May 2022.
  13. ↑ Jump up to:13.0 13.1 PELTIER LF. Complications associated with fractures of the pelvis. JBJS. 1965 Jul 1;47(5):1060-9. Accessed 26 May 2022.
  14. ↑ Jump up to:14.0 14.1 Ohmori, T. et al. Scoring system to predict hemorrhage in pelvic ring fracture. Orthopaedics & Traumatology: Surgery&Research(2016) Accessed 26 May 2022
  15. ↑ Jump up to:15.0 15.1 Watnik, Neil F, Michael Coburn, and Michael Goldberger. Urologic injuries in pelvic ring disruptions. Clinical orthopaedics and related research 329 (1996): 37-45. Accessed 26 May 2022.
  16. ↑ Jump up to:16.0 16.1 Scheid DK, Tile M, Kellam JF. Open reduction internal fixation of pelvic ring fractures. Journal of Orthopaedic Trauma. 1991 Jan 1;5(2):226.
  17.  Furtado C, Amaral A, Amaral P. Pelvic insufficiency fractures in the elderly: a challenging diagnosis. Acta reumatologica portuguesa. 2016 Jul 1;41(3):265-7.
  18.  Choi, Wilson, Handoo Rhee, and Eric Chung. Lower urinary tract imaging in pelvic fracture: an 11‐ year review of genitourinary complications and clinical outcomes. ANZ Journal of Surgery (2016). Accessed 26 May 2022
  19.  McLean JM, Cappelletto J, Clarnette J, Hill CL, Gill T, Mandziak D, Leith J. Normal population reference values for the Oxford and Harris Hip Scores–electronic data collection and its implications for clinical practice. Hip International. 2017 Jul;27(4):389-96.
  20.  Rice, Phillip L., and Melissa Rudolph. Pelvic fractures. Emergency medicine clinics of North America 25.3 (2007): 795-802. Accessed 26 May 2022
  21.  Rommens, P. M., et al. Fragility Fractures of the Pelvis: Should they Be Fixed?. Acta chirurgiae orthopaedicae et traumatologiae Cechoslovaca 82.2 (2015): 101-+. LOE: 4
  22.  Dutton, Mark. Orthopaedics for the physical therapist assistant. Jones & Bartlett Publishers, 2011. (book)
  23.  King’s health partners, Pelvic fracture- physiotherapy after surgery, King’s college hospital, 2015. LOE: 5
  24. ↑ Jump up to:24.0 24.1 Hakim, Renée M., Gary S. Gruen, and Anthony Delitto. Outcomes of patients with pelvic-ring fractures managed by open reduction internal fixation. Physical therapy 76.3 (1996): 286-295. LOE: 4
  25.  Stephenson, Rebecca Gourley, and Linda J. O’Connor. Obstetric and gynecologic care in physical therapy. Slack Incorporated, 2000. (book)
  26.  Paige Mroz. Pelvic fracture progression. Available from: (last accessed 3.4.2019)
  27.  Oberkircher L, Ruchholtz S, Rommens PM, Hofmann A, Bücking B, Krüger A. Osteoporotic pelvic fractures. Deutsches Ärzteblatt International. 2018 Feb;115(5):70. Accessed 26 May 2022
  28.  Zidén, Lena, Margareta Kreuter, and Kerstin Frändin. Long-term effects of home rehabilitation after hip fracture–1-year follow-up of functioning, balance confidence, and health-related quality of life in elderly people. Disability and rehabilitation 32.1 (2010): 18-32. LOE: 1B