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  5. ↑ Jump up to:5.0 5.1 5.2 5.3 Smart KM, Blake C, Staines A, Doody C. Clinical indicators of ‘nociceptive’, ‘peripheral neuropathic’ and ‘central’ mechanisms of musculoskeletal pain. A Delphi survey of expert clinicians. Man Ther 2010;15:80-7. (accessed 1 April 2014).
  6.  Kehlet H, Jensen TS, Woolf CJ. Persistent postsurgical pain: risk factors and prevention. The lancet. 2006 May 13;367(9522):1618-25.
  7.  Treede RD. The International Association for the Study of Pain definition of pain: as valid in 2018 as in 1979, but in need of regularly updated footnotes. Pain reports. 2018 Mar;3(2).
  8.  Loeser JD, Treede RD. The Kyoto protocol of IASP Basic Pain Terminology. Pain. 2008; 137(3): 473–7. doi:10.1016/j.pain.2008.04.025. PMID 18583048
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  10. ↑ Jump up to:10.0 10.1 International Association for the Study of Pain. IASP Terminology. Available from:
  11.  Baron R. Peripheral neuropathic pain: from mechanisms to symptoms. The Clinical journal of pain. 2000 Jun;16(2 Suppl):S12-20.
  12.  Świeboda P, Filip R, Prystupa A, Drozd M. Assessment of pain: types, mechanism and treatment. Pain. 2013;2(7).
  13. ↑ Jump up to:13.0 13.1 Nijs J, Lahousse A, Kapreli E, Bilika P, Saraçoğlu İ, Malfliet A, Coppieters I, De Baets L, Leysen L, Roose E, Clark J. Nociplastic pain criteria or recognition of central sensitization? Pain phenotyping in the past, present and future. Journal of clinical medicine. 2021 Jul 21;10(15):3203.
  14.  Merskey H, Bogduk N. Classification of chronic pain. 2nd ed. Seattle: IASP Press; 1994
  15.  Louw A, Nijs J, Puentedura EJ. A clinical perspective on a pain neuroscience education approach to manual therapy. J Man Manip Ther. 2017; 25(3): 160-168.
  16.  Woolf CJ, Latremoliere A. Central Sensitization: A generator of pain hypersensitivity by central neural plasticity. The Journal of Pain 2009; 10(9):895-926
  17.  Loeser JD, Treede RD. The Kyoto protocol of IASP basic pain terminology. Pain 2008;137: 473–7.
  18.  Dhal JB, Kehlet H. Postoperative pain and its management. In:McMahon SB, Koltzenburg M, editors. Wall and Melzack’s Textbook of pain. Elsevier Churchill Livingstone;2006. p635-51.