1. ↑ Jump up to:1.0 1.1 1.2 Manganaro D, Alsayouri K. Anatomy, Bony Pelvis and Lower Limb, Ankle Joint. 2020 Aug 16. In: StatPearls [Internet]. Treasure Island (FL): StatPearls Publishing; 2020 Jan–. PMID: 31424742.
  2.  Medial Ligament Complex Of The Ankle Anatomy. Available from:
  3. ↑ Jump up to:3.0 3.1 Wolfe, MW & Uhl, Tim & Mattacola, Carl & McCluskey, LC. (2001). Management of ankle sprains (vol 63, pg 93, 2001). American family physician. 64. 386-386.
  4.  Brand RL, Collins MD. Operative management of ligamentous injuries to the ankle. Clin Sports Med. 1982 Mar;1(1):117-30.
  5.  MRI Anatomy of Ankle Ligaments: Deltoid Ligament. Available from:
  6.  de Vries JS, Kerkhoffs GM, Blankevoort L, van Dijk CN. Clinical evaluation of a dynamic test for lateral ankle ligament laxity. Knee Surg Sports Traumatol Arthrosc. 2010 May;18(5):628-33.
  7.  Deltoid Ligament Stress Test Ankle | Clinical Physio Premium. Available from:
  8.  case takeaway – maisonneuve ankle fracture and medial deltoid ligament injury – Lyndon Mason. Available from:
  9.  Best Ankle Rehabilitation Exercises for Those Recovering From Ankle Injury. Available from:
  10.  Mattacola CG, Dwyer MK. Rehabilitation of the Ankle After Acute Sprain or Chronic InstabilityJ Athl Train. 2002;37(4):413-429.
  11.  Theraband Muscle Strengthening Inversion and Eversion. Available from:
  12.  Mattacola CG, Lloyd JW. Effects of a 6-week strength and proprioception training program on measures of dynamic balance: a single-case designJ Athl Train. 1997;32(2):127-135.
  13.  Söderman, Kerstin & Werner, S & Pietilä, T & Engström, B & Alfredson, Håkan. (2000). Balance board training: Prevention of traumatic injuries of the lower extremities in female soccer players? A prospective randomized intervention study. Knee surgery, sports traumatology, arthroscopy : official journal of the ESSKA. 8. 356-63.
  14.  Best Balance Board System for Ankle & Knee Rehab, Strength, Balance & Proprioception. Available from:
  15.  Ankle Proprioception Exercise. Available from: