1. ↑ Jump up to:1.0 1.1 1.2 1.3 ] Peter H. Seidenberg,Jimmy D. Bowen – The Hip and Pelvis in Sports Medicine and Primary Care pg. 33. Peter H. Seidenberg and Jimmy D. Bowen (editors). Springer (publisher) Evidence level: 5 grade of recommendation: F
  2. ↑ Jump up to:2.0 2.1 2.2 Cook CE, Hegedus EJ. Orthopedic Physical Examination: An Evidence based Approach. Upper Saddle River, NJ: Pearson Prentice Hall; 2008.
  3.  Lyle MA, Manes S, McGuinness M, Ziaei S, Iversen MD.Relationship of physical examination findings and self-reported symptom severity and physical function in patients with degenerative lumbar conditions. Phys Ther. 2005 Feb;85(2):120-33. Evidence level: 2a grade of recommendation: B
  4.  Hip Anatomy. (2017, June 6). Physiopedia, . Retrieved 10:17, December 14, 2017 from
  5.  Human anatomy atlas Sobotta part 2: lower extremity pg 263 – 272. Bohn Stafleu, Van Loghum
3th print R. Putz and R. Pabst
  6.  figure 1:
  7. ↑ Jump up to:7.0 7.1 7.2 7.3 M. Lynn Palmer – Fundamentals of musculoskeletal assessment techniques pg. 305. Second edition, M lynn palmer and Marcia E. Epler. Uppincott Williams and Willens (publisher) Evidence level: 5 grade of recommendation: F
  8.  Manning C, Hudson Z. Comparison of hip joint range of motion in professional youth and senior team footballers with age-matched controls: an indication of early degenerative change? Phys Ther Sport. 2009 Feb;10(1):25-9. Epub 2008 Dec 24.fckLREvidence level: 3a grade of recommendation: C
  9. ↑ Jump up to:9.0 9.1
  10. ↑ Jump up to:10.0 10.1 Thomas A. Souza Differential Diagnosis and Management for the Chiropractor: Protocols and algorithms pg 345. Fourth edition, Thomas A. Souza, DC, DACBSP. Jean and Bartlett publishers (Sanburry, Massachusetts). Evidence level: 5 grade of recommendation: F
  11.  Mitchell B, McCrory P, Brukner P, O’Donnell J, Colson E, Howells R. Hip joint pathology: clinical presentation and correlation between magnetic resonance arthrography, ultrasound, and arthroscopic findings in 25 consecutive cases. Clin J Sport Med. 2003 May;13(3):152-6. Evidence level: 2c grade of recommendation: C
  12. ↑ Jump up to:12.0 12.1 Altman R, Alarcon G, Appelrouth D, et al. The American College of Rheumatology criteria for the classification and reporting of osteoarthritis of the hip. Arthritis Rheum 1991: 34l 505-514.