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  2. ↑ Jump up to:2.0 2.1 Takaaki, C et al. (2002). Physical fitness of lower limb amputees. Am J Med Rehabilitation. 81:321-325
  3.  Brugaru M, Dekker R, Geertzen JHB and Dijkstra PU. (2011) Amputees and Sports – A Systematic Review. Sports Med. 41(9): 721-740.fckLRNolan L. (2009) Lower-limb strength in sports-active transtibial amputees. Prosthet Orthot Int. Sep;33(3):230-41.
  4.  Nolan L (2012). A training programme to improve hip strength in persons with lower limb amputation. J Rehabil Med. Mar;44(3):241-8.
  5. ↑ Jump up to:5.0 5.1 5.2 Jenkinson ER. 2017. Examination Of The Rehabilitation Protocol Of Traumatic Transfemoral Amputees And How To Prevent Bone Mineral Density Loss. Honors Undergraduate Thesis. University of Central Florida
  6.  Messinger S, Bozorghadad S, Pasquina P. Social relationships in rehabilitation and their impact on positive outcomes among amputees with lower limb loss at Walter Reed National Military Medical Center. Journal of rehabilitation medicine. 2018 Jan 5;50(1):86-93.
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  8.  Petersen J, Thorborg K, Nielsen MB, Budz-Jorgensen E, Holmich P. (2011) Preventive effect of eccentric training on acute hamstring injuries in men’s soccer: a cluster-randomised controlled trial. Am J Sports Med. 39:2296-2303.
  9.  Bahr R. (2013) Preventing hamstring strains: A current view of the literature. Aspetar Sports Med J. 2013 (2).
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  12.  Sebelien C, Stiller CH, Maher SF and Qu X. Effects of implementing Nordic hamstring exercises for semi-professional soccer players in Akershus, Norway. Orthop Prac; 26:2-14.
  13.  Stanton P and Purdam C. (1989). Hamstring injuries in sprinting – the role of eccentric exercise. J Orthop Sports Phys Ther. 10(9):343-9.
  14.  Schmitt B, Tim T and McHugh M.(2012) Hamstring injury rehabilitation and prevention of reinjury using lengthened state eccentric training: a new concept. Int J Sports Phys Ther. June;7(3):333-341.
  15.  National Center on Health, Physical Activity and Disability (NCHPAD). Exercises for Amputees. Available from:
  16.  Bodyweight Muscle. Amputee Functional Workout-Plan (Beginner to Advanced). Available from:
  17.  David Clonts. Functional Training for an Amputee Part 1 – Single Leg Deadlift. Feb 2015. Available from:
  18.  David Clonts. Functional Training for an Amputee Part 2 – Pistol Squats. Available from:
  19.  David Clonts. Functional Training for an Amputee Part 3 – Balance Check Exercises. March 2015. Available from:
  20.  Nolan L. (2009) Lower-limb strength in sports-active transtibial amputees. Prosthet Orthot Int. Sep;33(3):230-41.
  21.  Soares AS, Yamaguti EY, Mochizuki L, Amadio AC and Serrao JC. (2009) Biomechanical parameters of gait among transtibial amputees: a review. Sao Paulo Med J. Sep;127(5):3012-9.
  22.  Grummillier C, Martinet N, Paysant J, Andre JM and Beyaert C. (2008) Compensatory mechanism involving the hip joint of the intact limb during gait in unilateral trans-tibial. J Biomech. Oct;41(14):2926-31.
  23.  Prinsen EC, Nederhand MJ and Rietman JS. (2011) Adaptation strategies of the lower extremities of patients with a transtibial or transfemoral amputation during level walking: a systematic review. Arch Phys Med Rehabil. Aug;92(8): 1311-25.