1. ↑ Jump up to:1.0 1.1 WHO Falls Available: (accessed 3.11.2022)
  2.  Tsujishita S, Nagamatsu M, Sanada K. Overlap of Physical, Cognitive, and Social Frailty Affects Ikigai in Community-Dwelling Japanese Older Adults. InHealthcare 2022 Nov 4 (Vol. 10, No. 11, p. 2216). MDPI.
  3.  Heart org Falls can be a serious, poorly understood threat to people with heart disease Available: (accessed 3.11.2022)
  4. ↑ Jump up to:4.0 4.1 Wu X, Guo J, Chen X, Han P, Huang L, Peng Y, Zhou X, Huang J, Wei C, Zheng Y, Zhang Z. Comparison of the relationship between cognitive function and future falls in Chinese community-dwelling older adults with and without diabetes mellitus. Journal of the Formosan Medical Association. 2022 Nov 3.
  5.  Smith M. Medication & The Risk of Falls in the Older Person: The Facts. Produced on behalf of WAM Falls in Elderly Steering Group. 2004.
  6. ↑ Jump up to:6.0 6.1 6.2 6.3 Lord S, Sherrington C, Menz H, Close J. Falls in older people – Risk Factors and strategies for prevention. 2nd edition. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 2007.
  7.  Formiga F, Soto A, Duaso E, Chivite D, Ruiz D, Perez-Castejon J. Letter to the Editor in: Bone; 40 (1); 242. Re: “Incidence and characteristics of falls leading to hip fracture in Iranian population” by Abolhassani et al. BONE 2006:39;408–13.
  8.  Anami K, Murata S, Nakano H, Nonaka K, Iwase H, Shiraiwa K, Abiko T, Goda A, Horie J. The Association between Health Literacy and Gait Speed in Community-Dwelling Older Adults. InHealthcare 2020 Dec (Vol. 8, No. 4, p. 369). Multidisciplinary Digital Publishing Institute.
  9.  Appeadu MK, Bordoni B. Falls and fall prevention in the elderly. InStatPearls [Internet] 2022 Feb 22. StatPearls Publishing. Available: (accessed 8.11.2022)
  10.  Avin KG, Hanke TA, Kirk-Sanchez N, McDonough CM, Shubert TE, Hardage J, Hartley G. Management of falls in community-dwelling older adults: clinical guidance statement from the Academy of Geriatric Physical Therapy of the American Physical Therapy Association. Physical therapy. 2015 Jun 1;95(6):815-34.Available: (accessed 4.11.2022)
  11.  Benedetto V, Hill J, Harrison J. Cost effectiveness of fall prevention programmes for older adults. British Journal of Community Nursing. 2022 Nov 2;27(11):530-3.
  12.  National Institute for Health and Clinical Excellence. 2004. CG21: Falls. Accessed from
  13.  Cameron ID, Gillespie LD, Robertson M, Murray GR, Hill KD, Cumming RG, Kerse N. Interventions for preventing falls in older people in care facilities and hospitals (Cochrane review). Cochrane Database Syst Rev 2012: (12): CD005465.
  14.  Squires A, Hastings M, editors. Rehabilitation of Older People: A handbook for the interdisciplinary team. 3rd edition. Cheltenham: Nelson Thornes, 2000.
  15.  National Institute for Health and Care Excellence.Falls in older people: assessing risk and prevention. Clinical guideline [CG161]. Published:12 June 2013.
  16. ↑ Jump up to:16.0 16.1 Waldron N, Hill A, Barker A. Falls prevention in older adults: assessment and management. Aust Fam Physician. 2012; 41(12): 930-935. Accessed 28 September 2018.
  17.  Lamb S. Prevention of Falls Network Europe and Outcomes Consensus Group. Development of a common outcome data set for fall injury prevention trials: the Prevention of Falls Network Europe Consensus. JAGS 2005; 53 (9); 161-22.
  18.  Faulkner K, Redfern M, Cauley J (2007). Multitasking: association between poorer performance and a history of recurrent falls: a brief report. J Am Geriatr Soc. 2007; 55(4): 570-576.
  19.  Elliott T, Pezent G. Family caregivers of older persons in rehabilitation. NeuroRehabilitation. 2008; 23 (5): 439–446.
  20.  Martin F, Husk J, Foster N, Ballinger C, Spencer-Williams M. Patient and public involvement older people’s experiences of falls and bone health services (England). RCP: London, 2008.
  21.  AGILE. Guidelines for collaborative management of elderly people who have fallen. CSP and College of Occupational Therapist. London, 1998.
  22. ↑ Jump up to:22.0 22.1 Sherrington C, Whitney J, Lord S, Herbert R, Cumming R, Close J. Effective exercise for the prevention of falls: A systematic review and meta-analysis. J Am Geriatr Soc. 2008; 56 (12): 2234 – 43.
  23.  Tidy C, Knott L. Prevention of Falls in the Elderly. 2016. Available at (accessed 28 September 2018).
  24.  Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. Available at (accessed 28 September 2018).
  25.  Claudino JG, Afonso J, Sarvestan J, Lanza MB, Pennone J, Serrão JC, Espregueira-Mendes J, Vasconcelos AL, de Andrade MP, Rocha-Rodrigues S, Andrade R. Strength training to prevent falls in older adults: a systematic review with meta-analysis of randomized controlled trials. Journal of clinical medicine. 2021 Jan;10(14):3184.
  26.  Cicerone KD, Langenbahn DM, Braden C, Malec JF, Kalmar K, Fraas M, Felicetti T, Laatsch L, Harley JP, Bergquist T, Azulay J. Evidence-based cognitive rehabilitation: updated review of the literature from 2003 through 2008. Archives of physical medicine and rehabilitation. 2011 Apr 1;92(4):519-30.