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  2. ↑ Jump up to:2.0 2.1 2.2 Clinical Practice Guidelines. Available from: [last accessed 10.04.2022]
  3. ↑ Jump up to:3.0 3.1 Institute of Medicine (US) Committee on Standards for Developing Trustworthy Clinical Practice Guidelines. Clinical Practice Guidelines We Can Trust. Graham R, Mancher M, Miller Wolman D, Greenfield S, Steinberg E, editors. Washington (DC): National Academies Press (US); 2011. PMID: 24983061.
  4.  Franco JVA, Arancibia M, Meza N, Madrid E, Kopitowski K. Clinical practice guidelines: Concepts, limitations and challenges. Medwave. 2020 Apr 30;20(3):e7887. Spanish, English.
  5.  American Physical Therapy Association. Available from: [last accessed 10.04.2022]
  6. ↑ Jump up to:6.0 6.1 6.2 Shoemaker MJ, Dias KJ, Lefebvre KM, Heick JD, Collins SM. Physical Therapist Clinical Practice Guideline for the Management of Individuals With Heart Failure. Phys Ther. 2020 Jan 23;100(1):14-43.
  7. ↑ Jump up to:7.0 7.1 7.2 Evidence-Based Practice: Levels of Evidence and Study Designs. Available from: Last Updated: Mar 30, 2022 [last accessed 08.04.2022].
  8. ↑ Jump up to:8.0 8.1 8.2 8.3 8.4 8.5 8.6 8.7 8.8 8.9 McDonough CM, Harris-Hayes M, Kristensen MT, Overgaard JA, Herring TB, Kenny AM, Mangione KK. Physical Therapy Management of Older Adults With Hip Fracture. J Orthop Sports Phys Ther. 2021 Feb;51(2):CPG1-CPG81.
  9.  Medical news today What is a RCT? Available: (accessed 31.10.2022)
  10. ↑ Jump up to:10.00 10.01 10.02 10.03 10.04 10.05 10.06 10.07 10.08 10.09 10.10 10.11 10.12 Lespasio MJ, Sultan AA, Piuzzi NS, Khlopas A, Husni ME, Muschler GF, Mont MA. Hip Osteoarthritis: A Primer. Perm J. 2018;22:17-084.
  11. ↑ Jump up to:11.0 11.1 11.2 11.3 11.4 11.5 11.6 11.7 11.8 11.9 Cibulka MT, Bloom NJ, Enseki KR, Macdonald CW, Woehrle J, McDonough CM. Hip Pain and Mobility Deficits-Hip Osteoarthritis: Revision 2017. J Orthop Sports Phys Ther. 2017 Jun;47(6):A1-A37.
  12. ↑ Jump up to:12.00 12.01 12.02 12.03 12.04 12.05 12.06 12.07 12.08 12.09 12.10 12.11 12.12 12.13 12.14 12.15 12.16 12.17 12.18 12.19 12.20 12.21 12.22 12.23 12.24 12.25 12.26 12.27 Pandya R. Understanding the hip: Rehabilitation Protocols and Treatment Strategies for the Hip. Part 1. Physiopedia Course. 2022
  13. ↑ Jump up to:13.00 13.01 13.02 13.03 13.04 13.05 13.06 13.07 13.08 13.09 13.10 Kolasinski SL, Neogi T, Hochberg MC, Oatis C, Guyatt G, Block J, Callahan L, Copenhaver C, Dodge C, Felson D, Gellar K, Harvey WF, Hawker G, Herzig E, Kwoh CK, Nelson AE, Samuels J, Scanzello C, White D, Wise B, Altman RD, DiRenzo D, Fontanarosa J, Giradi G, Ishimori M, Misra D, Shah AA, Shmagel AK, Thoma LM, Turgunbaev M, Turner AS, Reston J. 2019 American College of Rheumatology/Arthritis Foundation Guideline for the Management of Osteoarthritis of the Hand, Hip, and Knee. Arthritis Care Res (Hoboken). 2020 Feb;72(2):149-162.
  14. ↑ Jump up to:14.0 14.1 14.2 14.3 Zhang W, Doherty M, Arden N, Bannwarth B, Bijlsma J, Gunther KP, Hauselmann HJ, Herrero-Beaumont G, Jordan K, Kaklamanis P, Leeb B, Lequesne M, Lohmander S, Mazieres B, Martin-Mola E, Pavelka K, Pendleton A, Punzi L, Swoboda B, Varatojo R, Verbruggen G, Zimmermann-Gorska I, Dougados M; EULAR Standing Committee for International Clinical Studies Including Therapeutics (ESCISIT). EULAR evidence-based recommendations for the management of hip osteoarthritis: report of a task force of the EULAR Standing Committee for International Clinical Studies Including Therapeutics (ESCISIT). Ann Rheum Dis. 2005 May;64(5):669-81.
  15.  Reyes C, Leyland KM, Peat G, Cooper C, Arden NK, Prieto-Alhambra D. Association Between Overweight and Obesity and Risk of Clinically Diagnosed Knee, Hip, and Hand Osteoarthritis: A Population-Based Cohort Study. Arthritis Rheumatol. 2016 Aug;68(8):1869-75.
  16.  Versus Arthritis. Examination of the hip. Available from: [last accessed 14/04/2022]
  17.  Mission Gait. 2-Minute Walk Test – Setup and Instruction. Available from: [last accessed 14/04/2022]
  18.  Community Partnership Videos. Short Form (SF-36). 2020. Available from: [last accessed 14/04/2022]
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  20. ↑ Jump up to:20.0 20.1 The management of hip fracture in adults. Available from: Published: 22 June 2011. Last updated: 10 May 2017 [last accessed 11.04.2022]
  21. ↑ Jump up to:21.0 21.1 21.2 21.3 Ftouh S, Morga A, Swift C; Guideline Development Group. Management of hip fracture in adults: summary of NICE guidance. BMJ. 2011 Jun 21;342:d3304.
  22. ↑ Jump up to:22.0 22.1 22.2 Handoll HH, Sherrington C, Mak JC. Interventions for improving mobility after hip fracture surgery in adults. Cochrane Database Syst Rev. 2011 Mar 16;(3):CD001704.
  23. ↑ Jump up to:23.0 23.1 Sylliaas H, Brovold T, Wyller TB, Bergland A. Progressive strength training in older patients after hip fracture: a randomised controlled trial. Age and Ageing 2011; 40(2)2: 221–227.
  24. ↑ Jump up to:24.0 24.1 Karlsson Å, Berggren M, Gustafson Y, Olofsson B, Lindelöf N, Stenvall M. Effects of Geriatric Interdisciplinary Home Rehabilitation on Walking Ability and Length of Hospital Stay After Hip Fracture: A Randomized Controlled Trial. J Am Med Dir Assoc. 2016 May 1;17(5):464.e9-464.e15.
  25.  Latham NK, Harris BA, Bean JF, Heeren T, Goodyear C, Zawacki S, Heislein DM, Mustafa J, Pardasaney P, Giorgetti M, Holt N, Goehring L, Jette AM. Effect of a home-based exercise program on functional recovery following rehabilitation after hip fracture: a randomized clinical trial. JAMA. 2014 Feb 19;311(7):700-8.
  26.  Diong J, Allen N, Sherrington C. Structured exercise improve mobility after hip fracture: a meta-analysis with meta-regression. Br J Sports Med. 2016 Mar;50(6):346-55.
  27. ↑ Jump up to:27.0 27.1 Auais MA, Eilayyan O, Mayo NE. Extended exercise rehabilitation after hip fracture improves patients’ physical function: a systematic review and meta-analysis. Phys Ther. 2012 Nov;92(11):1437-51.
  28. ↑ Jump up to:28.0 28.1 Izaguirre A, Delgado I, Mateo-Troncoso C, Sánchez-Nuncio HR, Sánchez-Márquez W, Luque-Ramos A. Rehabilitación de las fracturas de cadera. Revisión sistemática [Rehabilitation of hip fractures. Systematic review]. Acta Ortop Mex. 2018 Jan-Feb;32(1):28-35. Spanish.