1.  Kooijman MK, Swinkels ICS, Leemrijse CJ, de Bakker DH, Veenhof C. National Information Service of Allied Health Care. 2011.
  2. ↑ Jump up to:2.0 2.1 Barrett E. Examining the Role of Thoracic Kyphosis in Shoulder Pain [Phd Thesis]. Limerick: University of Limerick. 2016.
  3. ↑ Jump up to:3.0 3.1 Hodgetts C, Walker B. Epidemiology, common diagnoses, treatments and prognosis of shoulder pain: A narrative review. International Journal of Osteopathic Medicine. 2021 Dec 1;42:11-9.
  4. ↑ Jump up to:4.0 4.1 4.2 Pope DP, Croft PR, Pritchard CM, Silman AJ. Prevalence of Shoulder Pain in the Community: The Influence of Case Definition. Annals of the Rheumatic Diseases. 1997 May 1;56(5):308-12.
  5. ↑ Jump up to:5.0 5.1 5.2 5.3 Murphy RJ, Carr AJ. Shoulder Pain. BMJ clinical evidence. 2010;2010.
  6. ↑ Jump up to:6.00 6.01 6.02 6.03 6.04 6.05 6.06 6.07 6.08 6.09 6.10 6.11 Pribicevic M. The Epidemiology of Shoulder Pain: A Narrative Review of the Literature. InPain in Perspective 2012. InTech.
  7.  Miniaci A, Mascia AT, Salonen DC, Becker EJ. Magnetic resonance imaging of the shoulder in asymptomatic professional baseball pitchers. American Journal of Sports Medicine 2002; 30(1): 66-73.
  8.  Connor PM, Banks DM, Tyson AB, Coumas JS, D’Alessandro DF. Magnetic resonance imaging of the asymptomatic shoulder of overhead athletes: a 5-year follow-up study. American Journal of Sports Medicine 2003; 31(5): 724-727.
  9. ↑ Jump up to:9.0 9.1 Templehof S, Rupp S, Seil R. Age-related prevalence of rotator cuff tears in asymptomatic shoulders. Journal of Shoulder and Elbow Surgery 1999; 8: 296-299.
  10.  Worland R, Lee D, Orozco C, Sozarex F, Keenan J. Correlation of age, acromial morphology, and rotator cuff tear pathology diagnosed by ultrasound in asymptomatic patients. Journal of the Southern Orthopaedic Association 2003; 12(1): 23-26.
  11.  Yamamoto A, Takagishi K, Osawa T, Yanagawa T, Nakajima D, Shitara H, Kobayashi T. Prevalence and risk factors of a rotator cuff tear in the general population. Journal of Shoulder and Elbow Surgery 2010; 19(1): 116-120.
  12. ↑ Jump up to:12.0 12.1 Greving K, Dorrestijn O, Winters JC, Groenhof F, Van der Meer K, Stevens M, Diercks RL. Incidence, prevalence, and consultation rates of shoulder complaints in general practice. Scandinavian journal of rheumatology. 2012 Mar 1;41(2):150-5.
  13.  van Doorn PF, de Schepper EI, Rozendaal RM, Ottenheijm RP, van der Lei J, Bindels PJ, Schiphof D. The incidence and management of shoulder complaints in general practice: a retrospective cohort study. Family Practice. 2021 Oct;38(5):582-8.
  14.  Brownson, P., Donaldson, O., Fox, M., Rees, J. L., Rangan, A., Jaggi, A., et al. (2015). BESS/BOA Patient Care Pathways. Shoulder & Elbow7(3), 214–226.
  15. ↑ Jump up to:15.0 15.1 15.2 15.3 15.4 Luime JJ, Koes BW, Hendriksen IJ, Burdorf A, Verhagen AP, Miedema HS, Verhaar JA. Prevalence and incidence of shoulder pain in the general population; a systematic review. Scandinavian journal of rheumatology. 2004 Mar 1;33(2):73-81.
  16.  Struyf, F., & Meeus, M. (2013). Current evidence on physical therapy in patients with adhesive capsulitis: what are we missing? Clinical Rheumatology33(5), 593–600.
  17. ↑ Jump up to:17.0 17.1 17.2 Kelley, M. J., Shaffer, M. A., Kuhn, J. E., Michener, L. A., Seitz, A. L., Uhl, T. L., et al. (2013). Shoulder Pain and Mobility Deficits: Adhesive Capsulitis. Journal of Orthopaedic & Sports Physical Therapy43(5), A1–A31.
  18.  Ramirez J. Adhesive Capsulitis: Diagnosis and Management. Am Fam Physician. 2019;99(5):297-300.
  19.  MD, T. T., BSc, B. L., BSc, B. T. R., & PhD, D. R. M. (2014). A systematic review and pooled analysis of the prevalence of rotator cuff disease with increasing age. Journal of Shoulder and Elbow Surgery23(12), 1913–1921.
  20.  Djade CD, Porgo TV, Zomahoun HTV, Perrault-Sullivan G, Dionne CE. Incidence of shoulder pain in 40 years old and over and associated factors: A systematic review. Eur J Pain. 2020;24(1):39-50.
  21.  Oliveira VMA, Pitangui ACR, Gomes MRA, Silva HAD, Passos MHPD, Araújo RC. Shoulder pain in adolescent athletes: prevalence, associated factors and its influence on upper limb function. Braz J Phys Ther. 2017;21(2):107-13.
  22.  Picavet HS, Schouten JS.Musculoskeletal Pain in the Netherlands: Prevalence’s, Consequences and Risk Groups, the DMC(3)-Study. Pain 2003167178
  23.  Kooijman MK, Swinkels ICS, Leemrijse CJ, de Bakker DH, Veenhof C. National Information Service of Allied Health Care. 2011.
  24.  May S. An Outcome Audit for Musculoskeletal Patients in Primary Care. Physiotherapy Theory and Practice 2003; 19: 189-198.
  25.  Harvie P, Ostlere SJ, Teh J, McNally EG, Clipsham K, Burston BJ, et al. Genetic influences in the aetiology of tears of the rotator cuff. Sibling risk of a full-thickness tear. The Journal of bone and joint surgery British volume. 2004;86:696-700.
  26.  Magnusson SP, Hansen M, Langberg H, Miller B, Haraldsson B, Westh EK, et al. The adaptability of tendon to loading differs in men and women. International journal of experimental pathology. 2007;88:237-40.
  27.  Baumgarten KM, Gerlach D, Galatz LM, Teefey SA, Middleton WD, Ditsios K, et al. Cigarette smoking increases the risk for rotator cuff tears. Clinical orthopaedics and related research. 2010;468:1534- 41.
  28.  Passaretti D, Candela V, Venditto T, Giannicola G, Gumina S. Association between alcohol consumption and rotator cuff tear. Acta orthopaedica. 2015:1-4.
  29.  Dunn WR, Kuhn JE, Sanders R, An Q, Baumgarten KM, Bishop JY, et al. Symptoms of pain do not correlate with rotator cuff tear severity: a cross-sectional study of 393 patients with a symptomatic atraumatic full-thickness rotator cuff tear. The Journal of Bone and Joint Surgery. 2014;96:793-800.
  30.  Lewis JS. Bloodletting for pneumonia, prolonged bed rest for low back pain, is subacromial decompression another clinical illusion? British Journal of Sports Medicine. 2015;49:280-1.
  31.  Dean E, Söderlund A. Lifestyle factors and musculoskeletal pain. In: Jull G, Moore A, Falla D, Lewis JS, McCarthy C, Sterling M, editors. Grieve’s Modern Musculoskeletal Physiotherapy. 4th ed. London: Elsevier; 2015.
  32.  Cook JL, Rio E, Lewis JS. Managing tendinopathies. . In: Jull G, Moore A, Falla D, Lewis JS, McCarthy C, Sterling M, editors. Grieve’s Modern Musculoskeletal Physiotherapy. 4th ed. London: Elsevier; 2015.
  33.  McCreesh K, Lewis J. Continuum model of tendon pathology – where are we now? International journal of experimental pathology. 2013;94:242-7.
  34.  van der Molen HF, Foresti C, Daams JG, Frings-Dresen MHW, Kuijer PPFM. Work-related risk factors for specific shoulder disorders: a systematic review and meta-analysis. Occup Environ Med. 2017;74(10):745-55.
  35.  Sayampanathan AA, Andrew TH. Systematic review on risk factors of rotator cuff tears. J Orthop Surg (Hong Kong). 2017;25(1):2309499016684318.
  36.  Riordan J, Dieppe PA. Arthritis of the glenohumeral joint. Baillieres Clin Rheumatol 1989;3:607–626.[PubMed]
  37.  Bonutti PM, Hawkins RJ. Rotator cuff disorders. Baillieres Clin Rheumatol 1989;3:535–550.[PubMed]
  38.  Soslowsky LJ, An CH, Johnston SP, et al. Geometric and mechanical properties of the coracoacromial ligament and their relationship to rotator cuff disease. Clin Orthop 1994;304:10–17.[PubMed]
  39.  Jobe FW, Kvitne RS. Shoulder pain in the overhand or throwing athlete: the rela- tionship of anterior instability and rotator cuff impingement. Orthop Rev 1989;18:963–975.[PubMed]
  40.  Nash P, Hazleman BL. Frozen shoulder. Baillieres Clin Rheumatol 1989;3:551–566.[PubMed]
  41.  Wohlgethan JR. Frozen shoulder in hyperthyroidism. Arthritis Rheum 1987;30:936–939.[PubMed]
  42.  Oliva F, Osti L, Padulo J, Maffulli N. Epidemiology of the Rotator Cuff Tears: A New Incidence Related to Thyroid Disease. Muscles, Ligaments and Tendons Journal. 2014 Jul;4(3):309.
  43. ↑ Jump up to:43.0 43.1 43.2 Hopman K, Krahe L, Lukersmith S, McColl A, Vine K. Clinical Practice Guidelines for the Management of Rotator Cuff Syndrome in the Workplace. Port Macquarie (Australia): University of New South Wales. 2013;80.
  44.  Littlewood C, May S, Walters S. Epidemiology of Rotator Cuff Tendinopathy: A Systematic Review. Shoulder & Elbow. 2013 Oct 1;5(4):256-65.
  45.  Chester R, Shepstone L, Lewis JS, Jerosch-Herold C. Predicting Response to Physiotherapy Treatment for Musculoskeletal Shoulder Pain: Protocol for a Longitudinal Cohort Study. BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders. 2013 Jun 21;14(1):192.
  46.  Littlewood, C. (2013). Contractile dysfunction of the shoulder (rotator cuff tendinopathy): an overview. Journal of Manual & Manipulative Therapy20(4), 209–213.
  47.  Winters JC, Sobel JS, Groenier KH, Arendzen JH, Meyboom de Jong B. The long-term course of shoulder complaints: a prospective study in general practice. Rheumatology 1999; 38: 160-163.
  48. ↑ Jump up to:48.0 48.1 van der Windt DA, Koes BW, de Jong BA, Bouter LM. Shoulder disorders in general practice: incidence, patient characteristics and management. Annals of Rheumatic Diseases 1995; 54(12): 959-964.
  49.  Croft P, Pope D, Silman A. The clinical course of shoulder pain: case series in primary care. British Medical Journal 1996; 313: 601-612.