1. ↑ Jump up to:1.0 1.1 Brendbekken R, Eriksen H, Grasdal A, Harris A Hagen E, Tangen T. Return to Work in Patients with Chronic Musculoskeletal Pain: Multidisciplinary Intervention Versus Brief Intervention: A Randomized Clinical Trial. Journal of Occupational Rehabilitation. 2016; 27(1).
  2.  Hutting, N., Oswald, W., Nijhuis-van der Sanden, M.W., Filart, M., Raaijmakers, T., Bieleman, H.J., Staal, J.B. and Heerkens, Y.F., 2020. The effects of integrating work-related factors and improving cooperation in musculoskeletal physical therapy practice: protocol for the ‘WORK TO BE DONE’cluster randomised controlled trial. BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders21(1), pp.1-10.
  3. ↑ Jump up to:3.0 3.1 3.2 3.3 3.4 Sleijser-Koehorst MLS, Bijker L, Cuijpers P, Scholten-Peeters GGM, Coppieters MW. Preferred self-administered questionnaires to assess fear of movement, coping, self-efficacy, and catastrophizing in patients with musculoskeletal pain-A modified Delphi study. Pain. 2019;160(3):600-606.
  4. ↑ Jump up to:4.0 4.1 4.2 Gouttebarge V, Wind H, Kuijer PP, Sluiter JK, Frings-Dresen MH. How to assess physical work-ability with Functional Capacity Evaluation methods in a more specific and efficient way?. Work. 2010;37(1):111-115. 
  5. ↑ Jump up to:5.00 5.01 5.02 5.03 5.04 5.05 5.06 5.07 5.08 5.09 5.10 5.11 5.12 5.13 5.14 5.15 5.16 5.17 5.18 5.19 5.20 5.21 5.22 5.23 5.24 5.25 5.26 5.27 5.28 5.29 5.30 5.31 5.32 Albert C. Assessment of Fitness to Return to Work Course. Plus. 2020.
  6.  Fimland MS, Vie G, Holtermann A, Krokstad S, Nilsen TIL. Occupational and leisure-time physical activity and risk of disability pension: prospective data from the HUNT Study, Norway. Occup Environ Med. 2018;75(1):23-8.
  7. ↑ Jump up to:7.0 7.1 de Vries HJ, Reneman MF, Groothoff JW, Geertzen JH, Brouwer S. Self-reported work ability and work performance in workers with chronic nonspecific musculoskeletal pain. J Occup Rehabil. 2013;23(1):1-10. 
  8. ↑ Jump up to:8.0 8.1 Black O, Keegel T, Sim MR. Collie A, Smith P. The Effect of Self-Efficacy on Return-to-Work Outcomes for Workers with Psychological or Upper-Body Musculoskeletal Injuries: A Review of the Literature. J Occup Rehabil. 2018; 28: 16–27.
  9.  Wind H, Gouttebarge V, Kuijer PP, Sluiter JK, Frings-Dresen MH. Complementary value of functional capacity evaluation for physicians in assessing the physical work ability of workers with musculoskeletal disorders. Int Arch Occup Environ Health. 2009;82(4):435-443. 
  10. ↑ Jump up to:10.0 10.1 Black C, Frost D. Health at work – an independent review of sickness absence. London: Department of Work and Pensions; 2011. Available from: [Accessed 13 April 2020]
  11. ↑ Jump up to:11.0 11.1 11.2 Department of Work and Pensions. Department of Health and Social Care. Health in the Workplace- Patterns of Sickness Absence, Employer Support and Employment Retention. 2019. Available from [Accessed 13 April 2020].
  12.  Chartered Society of Physiotherapy. Physiotherapy Works: Occupational Health. United Kingdom; 2010. Available from (accessed 13 April 2020).
  13.  Roberts, K. An Introduction to Occupational Health. Plus. 2020.
  14.  Ishimaru T, Chimed-Ochir O, Arphorn S, Fujino Y. Effectiveness of fitness for work interventions for workers with low back pain: A systematic review. Journal of Occupational Health. 2021;63(1):e12261.
  15. ↑ Jump up to:15.0 15.1 15.2 15.3 Brouwer S, Dijkstra PU, Stewart RE, Göeken LN, Groothoff JW, Geertzen JH. Comparing self-report, clinical examination and functional testing in the assessment of work-related limitations in patients with chronic low back pain. Disabil Rehabil. 2005;27(17):999-1005. 
  16.  Noll L, Mallows A, Moran J. Consensus on tasks to be included in a return to work assessment for a UK firefighter following an injury: an online Delphi study. International archives of occupational and environmental health. 2021 Jul;94(5):1085-95.
  17. ↑ Jump up to:17.0 17.1 17.2 Francis P, Lyons M, Piasecki M, Mc Phee J, Hind K, Jakeman P. Measurement of muscle health in aging. Biogerontology. 2017;18(6):901-911.
  18. ↑ Jump up to:18.0 18.1 18.2 Kuijer PP, Gouttebarge V, Brouwer S, Reneman MF, Frings-Dresen MH. Are performance-based measures predictive of work participation in patients with musculoskeletal disorders? A systematic review. Int Arch Occup Environ Health. 2012;85(2):109-123.
  19.  King PM, Tuckwell N, Barrett TE. A critical review of functional capacity evaluations. Phys Ther. 1998;78(8):852-866. 
  20. ↑ Jump up to:20.0 20.1 Csuka M, McCarty DJ. Simple method for measurement of lower extremity muscle strength. Am J Med. 1985;78(1):77-81. 
  21.  Tsekoura M, Anastasopoulos K, Kastrinis A, Dimitriadis Z. What is most appropriate number of repetitions of the sit-to-stand test in older adults: a reliability study. Journal of Frailty, Sarcopenia and Falls. 2020 Dec;5(4):109.
  22.  American Academy of Orthotists and Prosthetists. Five Time Sit to Stand Test (FTSST). Available from [last accessed 15/08/2020]
  23. ↑ Jump up to:23.0 23.1 Dodds RM, Syddall HE, Cooper R, et al. Grip strength across the life course: normative data from twelve British studies. PLoS One. 2014; 9(12):e113637.
  24.  Leong DP, Teo KK, Rangarajan S, et al. Prognostic value of grip strength: findings from the Prospective Urban Rural Epidemiology (PURE) study. Lancet. 2015;386(9990):266-273.
  25.  Paul Potter PT. Grip Strength Test. Available from [last accessed 15/08/2020]
  26.  Matheson System. Progressive Isoinertial Lift Evaluation (PILE – Frequent) for Functional Capacity Evaluation. Available from [last accessed 15/08/2020]