1. ↑ Jump up to:1.00 1.01 1.02 1.03 1.04 1.05 1.06 1.07 1.08 1.09 1.10 1.11 1.12 1.13 1.14 1.15 1.16 1.17 1.18 1.19 Crowner BE. Cervical dystonia: disease profile and clinical management. Phys Ther 2007;87(11):1511–26.
  2. ↑ Jump up to:2.0 2.1 2.2 Velickovic M, Benabou R, Brin M. Cervical dystonia pathophysiology and treatment options. Drugs 2001;61(13):1921-43.
  3. ↑ Jump up to:3.0 3.1 Jankovic A, Tsui J, Bergeron C. Prevalence of cervical dystonia and spasmodic torticollis in the United States general population. Parkinsonism Relat Disord 2007;13:411-6.
  4. ↑ Jump up to:4.0 4.1 Albanese A, Barnes MP, Bhatia KP, Fernandez-Alvarez E, Filippini G, Gasser T, et al. A systematic review on the diagnosis and treatment of primary (idiopathic) dystonia and dystonia plus syndromes: report of a EFNS/MDS-ES Task Force. Eur J Neurol. 2006;13:433-44.
  5.  Camargo C, Teive H, Becker N, Baran M, Scola R, Werneck L. Cervical dystonia: clinical and therapeutic features in 85 patients. Arq Neuropsiquiatr 2008;66(1):15-21.
  6. ↑ Jump up to:6.0 6.1 6.2 6.3 6.4 6.5 6.6 Dauer WT, Burke RE, Greene P, Fahn S. Current concepts on the clinical features, aetiology and management of idiopathic cervical dystonia. Brain 1998;121:547-60.
  7.  Chen Q, Vu JP, Cisneros E, Benadof CN, Zhang Z, Barbano RL, Goetz CG, Jankovic J, Jinnah HA, Perlmutter JS, Appelbaum MI. Postural directionality and head tremor in cervical dystonia. Tremor and Other Hyperkinetic Movements. 2020;10. doi: 0.7916/tohm.v0.745.
  8. ↑ Jump up to:8.0 8.1 8.2 Geyer HL, Bressman SB. The diagnosis of dystonia. Lancet Neurol 2006;5:780-90.
  9.  Fleischman DA, Wilson RS. Parkinsonian signs and functional disability in old age. Exp Aging Res 2007;33:59-76.
  10.  El-Youssef M. Wilson Disease. Mayo Clinic Proc 2003;78:1126-36.
  11. ↑ Jump up to:11.0 11.1 Costa J, Espirito-Santo CC, Borges AA,  Ferreira JJ, Coelho M, Moore P, et al. Botulinim toxin type A therapy for cervical dystonia (Review). Cochrane Database Syst Rev. 2009; (1):CD003633.
  12.  Loher TJ, Capelle HH, Kaelin-Lang A, Weber S, Weigel R, Burgunder JM, et al. Deep brain stimulation for dystonia: outcome at long-term follow-up. J Neurol. 2008;255:881-884.
  13.  Huh R, Han IB, Chung M, Chung S. Comparison of treatment results between selective peripheral denervation and deep brain stimulation in patients with cervical dystonia. Stereotact Funct Neurosurg. 2010;88(4):234-8.
  14. ↑ Jump up to:14.0 14.1 Zetterberg L, Halvorsen K, Farnstrand C, Aquilonios SM, Lindmark B. Physiotherapy in cervical dystonia: six experimental single-case studies. Physiotherapy Theory Pract. 2008;24(4):275-90.
  15. ↑ Jump up to:15.0 15.1 Karnath HO, Konczak J, Dichgans J. Effect of prolonged neck muscle vibration on lateral head tilt in severe spasmodic torticollis. J Neurol Neurosurg Psychiatry. 2000;69:658-60.