1. ↑ Jump up to:1.0 1.1 1.2 International Committee of the Red Cross (ICRC), ICRC physiotherapy reference manual: prothetic gait analysis, 2014
  2.  Ottobock. First exercises after amputation. Jan 2019
  3.  Ottobock. How to prevent muscle contractures through moving the residual limb?
  4.  Ottobock. Muscle strengthening after amputation. Jan 2019
  5.  Prosthetic gait analysis, a course manual for physiotherapists, ICRC, 2014
  6. ↑ Jump up to:6.0 6.1 6.2 6.3 6.4 Rossbach P. Care of Your Wounds After Amputation Surgery. Amputee Coalition. Available from: [Accessed 23 Nov 2017]
  7.  YouTube Video. AmputeeOT: Massage, Scar Mobilization, Desensitization, and End-Bearing Exercises for New Amputees. Available from: [Accessed 23 Nov 2017]
  8. ↑ Jump up to:8.0 8.1 8.2 8.3 Johannesson A, Larsson G, Oberg,T Atroshi, I. Comparison of vacuum-formed removable rigid dressing with conventional rigid dressing after transtibial amputation. Acta Orthopeadica 2008;79(3); 361-369
  9. ↑ Jump up to:9.0 9.1 Bryant G. Stump Care. The American Journal of Nursing 2001; 101(2); 67-71
  10. ↑ Jump up to:10.0 10.1 10.2 10.3 10.4 10.5 Lusardi MM, Postoperative and preprosthetic care. In Lusardi, MM, Jorge, M and Nielsen, CC editors. Orthotics and Prosthetics in Rehabilitation, Third Edition. Missouri: Elsevier, 2013.p. 532-594.
  11. ↑ Jump up to:11.0 11.1 11.2 Nawijn SE, Van der Linde H, Emmelot CH, Hofstad CJ. Stump management after transtibial amputation: a systematic review. Prosthetics and Orthotics International 2005; 29(1); 13-26.
  12.  Smith DG, McFarland LV, Sangeorzan BJ, Reiber GE, Czerniecki JM. Postoperative dressing and management strategies for transtibial amputations: A critical review. Journal of Rehabilitation Research Development 2003; 40; 213-224. Available at: [Accessed 10 Oct 2017]
  13. ↑ Jump up to:13.0 13.1 Clinical Practice Guideline for Rehabilitation of Lower Limb Amputation (full version). Department of Veterans Affairs, Department of Defence, 2007, page 72-73
  14.  Johannesson A, Larsson G, Ramstrand N, Lauge-Pedersen H, Wagner P, Atroshi I. Outcomes of a standardized surgical and rehabilitation program in trans-tibial amputation for peripheral vascular disease: A 10 year prospective cohort study. The American Journal of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation / Association of Academic Physiatrists 2010; 89(4); 293-303.
  15. ↑ Jump up to:15.0 15.1 Reichmann JP, Stevens PM, Rheinstein J, Kreulen CD. Removable Rigid Dressings for Postoperative Management of Transtibial Amputations: A Review of Published Evidence. PM&R. 2018 May 1;10(5):516-23.
  16. ↑ Jump up to:16.0 16.1 Elizabeth Bouch, Katie Burns, Elizabeth Geer, Matthew Fuller and Anna Rose. Guidance for the multi disciplinary team on the management of postoperative residuum oedema in lower limb amputees. BACPAR
  17.  Johannesson A, Larsson GU, Öberg T. From major amputation to prosthetic outcome: a prospective study of 190 patients in a defined population. Prosthetics and orthotics international. 2004 Jan 1;28(1):9-21. Available at:[Accessed 11 Oct 2017]
  18.  Mulvey MR, Radford HE, Fawkner HJ, Hirst L, Neumann V, Johnson MI. Transcutaneous electrical nerve stimulation for phantom pain and stump pain in adult amputees. Pain Practice. 2013; 13(4):289-96. fckLRdoi: 10.1111/j.1533-2500.2012.00593.x
  19. ↑ Jump up to:19.0 19.1 19.2 19.3 Barbara Engstrom and Catherine Van de Ven. Therapy for Amputees, 3rd Edition. 1999.
  20.  YouTube Video. Northshore Sota. 2x Amputee Sliding Board MinA WC to Bed. Available from: [last accessed 2/12/17]
  21.  YouTube Video. Wheelchair Transfer – Amputee Life Hack. Available from: [last accessed 4/13/19]
  22. ↑ Jump up to:22.0 22.1 22.2 Bella J. May, AMPUTATIONS AND PROSTHETICS, F.A Davis Company, 2rd édition, 1996
  23.  Using Crutches After Lower Limb Amputation. Available from: